Welcome to ICP13

ICP History

The ICP gathers world experts in Paleoceanography, the history of the oceans, with the aim of bringing together researchers working on all timescales (from deep time to decadal-scale changes) and with different approaches (proxy development, proxy analysis and modeling). It also serves a great educational purpose with a high graduate student attendance. It is thus aimed at integrating all scientific aspects of paleoceanography, but also all generations of scientists.

The ICP is held every three years at a different location. The ICP has been held seven times in Europe, three times in North America and twice in Asia. We are proud to bring the ICP to the Southern Hemisphere in 2019 for the very first time. Number of participants have varied between 350 and 650.

Palaeoclimate research, the study of past climates, is an integral part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, as “the past is the key to the future”. The most recent assessment by the IPCC (Assessment Report 5) has for the first time included palaeoclimate information in its evaluation of climate model performance.

An in-depth understanding of past climate and biogeochemical changes is necessary to better predict future changes in climate. Indeed, Palaeoceanographic data and palaeoclimate modelling provide a benchmark against which to assess current and future changes in climate, the carbon cycle and marine ecosystems.

History of events


    ICP 1 Zürich (Switzerland)


    ICP 2 Woods Hole (USA)


    ICP 3 Cambridge (UK)


    ICP 4 Kiel (Germany): Short and long-term global change: Records and modelling


    ICP 5 Halifax (Canada): The role of paleoceanographic linkages in the global system


    ICP 6 Lisbon (Portugal): Reconstructing ocean history: A window into the future


    ICP 7 Sapporo (Japan)


    ICP 8 Biarritz (France): An ocean view of global change


    ICP 9 Shanghai (China): The future Ocean: perspectives from the past – A tribute to Professor Sir Nicholas J. Shackleton


    ICP 10 La Jolla (USA)


    ICP 11 Sitges-Barcelona (Spain): Long-term perspectives on ocean and climate dynamics, Three decades of ICP


    ICP 12 Utrecht (Netherlands)